The amazing story of the russian defector who changed his mind a saga from the last time moscows spies menaced washingtonand the lessons we forgot. Examples of sophisticated disinformation are more difficult to identify because they are more effectively disguised, but one publication seems worthy of attention in this regard. When he heard about how the kgb sent agents to maim a ballet star who had defected to the west, he was starting to get disillusioned with all that was happening around him. The threat to our democracy posed by moscows spygames wont recede on its own. Famed ballet dancer on freedom, chinese repression and a screenworthy life. Soviet subversion and propaganda, how the west thought. The book takes place in postwar russia but the narration switches between history and modern day as the author weaves three main characters lives together.
Everything in russia is a damn soap opera mikhail baryshnikov, the greatest dancer of his generation, tells sarah crompton about performing for nureyev, acting with. The strategy of soviet disinformation is a nonfiction book about disinformation and information warfare used by the kgb during the soviet union period, as part of. Oct 11, 2017 the making of a russian disinformation campaign. In particular the tours of russian stars at the beginning of the xxth century the famous diaghilevs russian seasons awoke the faded interest of foreign audience to the ballet and gave it the new leaps of life. Baers book comes out at a time when even people who dont know much about dance, flock to see that one ballet beloved by all the nutcracker.
Anna nemtsova on the bolshois dark history of scandal. That has left the russian defectors living the dead end of the american dream in distant oregon. In retrospect, american culture has not only been shaped by ballet, but also reflected through it. The musical to dance is based on panovs eponymous autobiography, published in new york in 1978. It was written by former intelligence officer specializing in disinformation for the czech intelligence service and retired professor of disinformation at boston university, ladislav bittman later known as lawrence martin. Jul 24, 2017 lessons from europes fight against russian disinformation. Pacepa recalls that the soviet manuals said origins of disinformation.
Russias dark art of disinformation financial times. Nureyev defected to the west in june of 1961, at the height of the cold war, an act considered treason in the soviet union. An insiders view is a nonfiction book about the kgbs use of disinformation and information warfare during the soviet union period. Ballets kozlovs leapt from the bolshoi straight into the. Russian ballet dancers perform routines inside their. According to a senior east european intelligence officer who defected in 1968, individual suggestions for special operations active measures. During the cold war, hundreds of salacious and bogus headlines around the world appeared, part of a covert playbook of russian disinformation used to undermine america. The highprofile defection was a blow to soviet prestige and generated international interest. This book offers an encyclopedic overview of the entire history of the russian ballet, written by a team of scholars. The mitrokhin archive is a collection of handwritten notes made secretly by kgb archivist vasili mitrokhin during his thirty years as a kgb archivist in the foreign intelligence service and the first chief directorate. Disinformation new exclusive i red terror rising youtube. It is as present as ever in the postelection landscape, experts say, working to divide americans by exploiting the countrys most. Dec 12, 2017 fingerprints of russian disinformation.
Russian disinformation is a grave transnational threat, facilitating unacceptable aggression by russia both at home and across the 57nation osce region. Download it once and read it on your kindle device, pc, phones or tablets. Anatoliy mikhaylovich golitsyn cbe august 25, 1926 december 29, 2008 was a soviet kgb defector and author of two books about the longterm deception strategy of the kgb leadership. Rudolf nureyev was born on a transsiberian train near irkutsk, siberia, while his mother, farida, was travelling to vladivostok, where his father khamet, a red army political commissar, was stationed. Edward griffins shocking video interview, soviet subversion of the freeworld press 1984, where he interviews exkgb officer and soviet defector. This produced the unusual spectacle of a foreign defector, living undercover with a new identity, popping up in. Disinformation is a book that needs to be on every english speaking library shelf, and needs to be read by every englishspeaking history teacher. Natalia makarova, soviet ballerina who was granted political asylum in britain, dances with ballet. Nov 10, 2017 this week marks the centennial of the bolsheviks october revolution, the event that led to the formation of the soviet union one of the most repressive and brutal regimes in human history. The kremlin is using russian media to shore up domestic support. Opinion meet the kgb spies who invented fake news the new.
Aug 29, 2016 now, though, disinformation is regarded as an important aspect of russian military doctrine, and it is being directed at political debates in target countries with far greater sophistication and. Soviet active measures in the postcold war era 19881991. Cia becomes aware of this, and assigns one of its agents to protect dima, a brilliant young russian ballet dancer who has joined jennifers ballet company. The following list of eastern bloc defectors contains notable defectors from east germany, the soviet union, poland, bulgaria, romania, czechoslovakia, hungary, and albania before those countries conversions from communist states in the early 1990s. The secret strategy to destroy the west, was published the same year. Soviet bloc intelligence and its aids disinformation campaign thomas boghardt. This list includes as well those who were born in these three states but later emigrated, and those who were born elsewhere but immigrated to the country and performed there for a significant portion of their careers. Krasnov, himself a soviet defector and head of russian studies at the monterey institute of international studies, examines the scope, character, and patterns of defection from 1945 through 1969. Ultimately, rid concludes that russian and russialinked efforts to fill the internet with disinformation most likely did not cause many people to change their minds in 2016. Born in the russian empire, he would become one of the first ever soviet defectors. The strategy of soviet disinformation is a nonfiction book about disinformation and information warfare used by the kgb during the soviet union period, as part of their active measures tactics. The european union flag is displayed between two soccer club banners on the royal post office, the seat of the office of the president of madrid. Nov 01, 2017 russian disinformation didnt come to an end on election day. Pacepa and rychlak document how the russian word dezinformatsiya was coined by joseph stalin, who chose a frenchsounding title to make others believe it had originated in the western world.
Parallels edward snowden would be the latest of many americans whove sought refuge inside russia after leaving the u. Rampant disinformation, partisan news sources and social medias. The strength of the russian disinformation system has been executing setpiece operations of varying degrees of sophistication. Russian defectors living the dead end of the american dream. Forestville authors novel explores prima ballerinas famous fall. Kyra robinov, the librettist and producer of the show, told rbth why she had found the dancers story interesting. Over the course of vladimir putins time in power, disinformation with a. Russian revolution, disinformation campaigns, communism. Movie in the 80s about a russian ballet dancer who comes to. For american defectors to russia, an unhappy history. The approaching 50th anniversary of the assassination of john f.
If you are a series follower, or new to the series, do yourself a favor and read books 8 then 9, even if you arent already enjoying them in order. Disinformation explains of post wwii history from the perspective of one who was on the inside. Disinformation was then subsequently employed as a warfare tactic by the stalinist government during world war ii. Russian defectors living the dead end of the american. Rudolf nureyev and the true story behind the white crow time. Dezinformatsiya disinformation is another russian term once known only to espionage. Soviet bloc intelligence and its aids disinformation campaign thomas boghardt the practice of intelligence differed considerably between east and west during the cold war. Russian disinformation helps support rampant violations of osce norms by the putin regime, ranging from internal human rights abuses to military intervention in neighboring states to interference in elections in several countries. But the nature of their targets indicate that the bears dance to a powerful states tune. Apr 16, 2014 its shocking what the pulitzer people are doing. He provided a wide range of intelligence to the cia on the operations of most of the lines departments at the helsinki and other residencies, as well as kgb methods. Jul 12, 2017 anna nemtsova on the bolshois dark history of scandal. The english word disinformation is a loan translation of the russian dezinformatsiya, derived from the title of a kgb black propaganda department. Chambers describes the book as a defector s tale, almost classic in its profile of idealism and disillusionment, with some interesting specifics.
Russias reinvention of war exploits old techniques for a new century. Jul 27, 2016 the groundwork for russian ballet was laid down by didelot when he created the prisoner of the caucasus, a dance adaptation of the russian poem written by alexander pushkin. Russian use began with a special disinformation office in 1923. The book opens in moscow in 1961, where an american publisher named simon weeks is just arriving to visit his notorious brother, frank.
Disinformation strategic deception to undermine the church, the west and the united states as revealed by romanian defector ion mihai pacepa by miguel a. The russian governments response to the shooting down of mh17 was a charade, wrapped in a travesty, inside a. In the other story, the cold war is on, and the kgb is trying to assassinate prominent artists of various kinds who have defected to various countries. Dancers from st petersburgs mikhailovsky theatre filmed. The danger of russian disinformation the washington post. Broadly, he concludes that there are few insights to. Pacepa makes no distinction between the soviet era and the post. From aids to fake news a group advocating aids research marched in the new york gay pride parade on fifth avenue in manhattan in june 1983.
Kennedy is sufficient reason alone to buy and read the new book, disinformation. Active measures in soviet strategy and a later edition published as dezinformatsia. Western intelligence services were most commonly tasked with gathering information, but their soviet bloc counterparts placed much greater emphasis on decep. Disinformation was then subsequently employed as a warfare tactic. The defector, book 9 in the gabriel allon series, is really a direct continuation of book 8. Before fake news, there was soviet disinformation a photograph of soviet dictator joseph stalin lies on a floor outside a courtroom in moscow, on oct. Briefing russias disinformation on ukraine and the eus response. The amazing story of the russian defector who changed his mind. Foreign affairs called the book a useful survey of how soviet intelligence used disinformation.
Nureyev became a star of russian ballet in 1958 when, at barely 20 years old. How the russians practice disinformation accuracy in media. Russian dancers galina panova and her husband valery panov are pictured during rehearsal with the berlin opera ballet production of cinderella at the new york state theater of the lincoln center for the performing arts, july 6, 1978. Defectors soviet defectors to the west were an important tool in the propaganda battles of the cold war. During the final three years of the obama administration, richard stengel, the former editor of time magazine and an under secretary of state, was the single person in government tasked with unpacking, disproving, and combating both isiss messaging and russian disinformation. Ballet has been a vessel for artistic, political, and social expression. Their testimonies made for powerful, emotional, narratives which helped undermine soviet propaganda. Aug, 20 the approaching 50th anniversary of the assassination of john f. The defection made international news and thrust the russian.
May 25, 2017 researchers say theyve uncovered a disinformation campaign with apparent russian link. The 9 russian words that explain kremlingate observer. He was also a reader of russian literature, and admired the kirov ballet in leningrad. Fbi used russian disinformation to launch investigation into. Defectors sometimes also provided critical insights into how active measures worked and how to fight back. After arriving in paris, they were hidden by the local russian community, which allowed them to live freely. Former spy chief reveals secret strategies for undermining freedom, attacking religion, and promoting terrorism kindle edition by rychlak, ronald j. Eprs russias disinformation on ukraine and the eus response members research service page 2 of 7 information is key to the ukraine crisis information has become central to the ukraine crisis. The beginning of the xxth century has become the time of new breaks for the russian ballet.
Use features like bookmarks, note taking and highlighting while reading disinformation. Ion mihai pacepa, provides an insiders front row seat and analysis of the powerful sovietborn program of disinformation. The christian science monitor is an international news organization that delivers thoughtful, global coverage via its website, weekly magazine, online daily edition, and email newsletters. The election is over, but russian disinformation hasnt gone. They back up their analyses with two soviet intelligence defectors. In the early 20th centuy, diaghilev delighted audiences in the west by presenting his ballets russes with supremely talented choreographers, dancers, compers and set designers. Just over three years ago, on a bitingly cold spring day, i drove out to rockport, massachusetts, a small town on the tip of cape ann, to meet with a defector from the old soviet bloc. Faria, md disinformation is a revealing expose of evil soviet history as well as a treatise on the use of propaganda and disinformation in contemporary international relations and national politics. Jun 26, 2015 russian defectors living the dead end of the american dream in distant oregon. Inside neptun, a daring cold war disinformation operation. Overall, disinformation is aggressively antirussian. Researchers say theyve uncovered a disinformation campaign. If you like the arts, ballet, russian history or all three you will love this book.
Then, in 2016, as the presidential election unfolded, stengel watched as donald trump used disinformation himself. The book was published in romanian and polish in 2015, and russian and czech in 2016. Defector profession prominence birthplace year notes george balanchine choreographer russia 1924 defected during tour of germany to the weimar republic boris bazhanov politburo secretary russia 1928 defected to france via iran and india georges agabekov ogpu turkmenistan 1930 defected in france. A troupe of russian ballet dancers have attempted to lift the worlds spirits from lockdown by performing popular routines from home. Former spy chief reveals secret strategies for undermining freedom. Jul 25, 20 for american defectors to russia, an unhappy history. Disinformation is the english literal translation of the russian term dezinformatsiya, coined by the soviet communist party to refer to deliberate falsehoods manufactured for the purpose of pushing certain propaganda lines or policy objectives abroad. Exsoviet era spy chief writes landmark book on disinformation. This is a list of ballet dancers from the russian empire, soviet union, and russian federation, including both ethnic russians and people of other ethnicities. Eu escalates its campaign against russian propaganda world. Secrets of the russian ballet from the rule of the tsars to today 9780871402967.
List of soviet and eastern bloc defectors wikipedia. Lessons from europes fight against russian disinformation. He was raised as the only son with three older sisters in a tatar muslim family. How russias disinformation campaign could extend its. Jan 06, 2017 how russias disinformation campaign could extend its tentacles moscows disinformation operations date to the soviet era. Faria, md disinformation is a revealing expose of evil soviet history as well as a treatise on the use of propaganda and disinformation in contemporary international relations and. As a result, the midwest gained access to a top ballet company and ballets sphere of influence expanded. Aug 11, 2015 russian dancers galina panova and her husband valery panov are pictured during rehearsal with the berlin opera ballet production of cinderella at the new york state theater of the lincoln center. Julian mackay grew up in a ballet loving family, and today he is a rising star on the russian ballet scene.
Pacepa makes no distinction between the soviet era and the postcommunist one. New lies for old the communist strategy of deception and. Twelve years earlier frank had defected to the soviet union and became the man who betrayed a generation. Joseph stalin coined the term, giving it a frenchsounding name to claim it had a western origin. Anatoliy golitsyn, a highranking kgb defector who served in the kgbs ultra secretive longrange disinformation department d, explained in his book new lies for old 1984 the thensoviet unions. Rudolf nureyev, the young star of the soviet unions kirov opera ballet company, defects during a stopover in paris. Dance serves as a metaphor for all our aspirations and. Mar 11, 2008 there are some classic ballet movies about the ballet which might be more suitable for a young girl than white nights which is almost a spy thriller of the cold war and defection. Contrasting chinas and russias influence operations. Russian ballet star rudolf nureyev defects from ussr history. Fascinating kgb defector yuri bezmenov reveals russian. New lies for old the communist strategy of deception and disinformation book. First there is the classic dance movie of all time called the red shoes which is the story of a ballerina in 1940s who wants desperately to dance and sacrifices to.
Mar 27, 2017 the civil rights movement and the growing ideological divide between the american left and right provided the perfect opportunity for russian disinformation efforts. Jan 23, 2017 only a few years ago the baltic states were fighting a lonely campaign against russian disinformation, she recalled. An englishlanguage audiobook was published by audible studios in 2016. The importance of this on the russian ballet is notable because this was the first piece of russian literature to be reworked into a ballet.504 485 1509 22 90 188 587 1527 349 854 645 51 623 56 507 282 1490 538 1370 815 169 1402 439 265 228 1290 821 565 325 864 1408 91 1275 857 707 775 1125 777 909 776 878 864